What is a truffle?
When we think about good food or lavish dinners, what kind of food are we thinking of?
I guess oysters, caviar, foie gras and truffles!
Truffle: such a strange thing! With its penetrating scent and its unknown nature!
Maybe its mystery depends on the fact that it grows underground in the darkness.
Is truffle a mushroom or a tuber?
Truffle is a fungus: it is the result of the spontaneous union between a hypogaeum mushroom (literally: underground mushroom) and a tree root. Unlike mushrooms, truffles are not parasites but symbionts: something that helps the plant to live better .
Someone mistakenly call it tuber, even the naturalists did so, centuries ago. Their misunderstanding is still shown in the current truffle scientific name; however, truffle is not a tuber.
How does a truffle looks like?
It is possible to distinguish truffles according to their colour (white and black) and according to their “peridio” (the peel, the outside). This one can be smooth or warty. Those elements define the flavour and the market value of each truffle.
The inside is called “gleba” and it has the same colour of the peridio. The gleba is crossed by symmetric light striations: the darker is the gleba, the more scented and riper is the truffle.
However the truffle’s scent reaches its peak and then it starts to fade until it becomes unpleasant.
All around the world there are something like seventies kind of hypogaeum mushrooms, thirty of them are in Italy. For the Italian law just ten of them are edible and tradeable.
What’s the difference between an organic truffle and an ordinary one?
Someone asserts that certified truffles are nonsense because truffles are natural products of the underbrush. Well, first of all I want to say that we have not certified our truffles as products, but most importantly we have identified a specific origin territory: our truffles are 100% Italians, coming from the Marche Region. Moreover, even the products we sell are 100% organically made.
The basic concept is always the same: a man, a dog and a truffle.
This triad reaches its best expression in the search of fine white truffle of Alba or Acqualagna (Tuber Magnatum Pico).
In the place where I live, even nowadays, searching for black summer truffle, especially for the Tuber Aestivum Vittadini or “Scorzone”, it is not seen as something serious or important. It is generally considered as a way to walk the dog and train it for the Tuber Magnatum Pico.
It is a light-coloured truffle, sometimes it can be straw yellow but certain types found in coniferous woods, can be grayish.
It has a smoot peel; it can be small as a peppercorn or big as an apple.
The Tuber Melanosporum (known as fine black truffle or Norcia truffle) it’s the most precious quality type among black truffles.
It grows in sedimentary or gravelly soils, preferring the hardwood as its own symbiont plants.
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